Medical Scientists

Medical scientists conduct research aimed at improving overall human health. They often use clinical trials and other investigative methods to reach their findings.

Entry-Level Education: Doctoral or professional degree

2012 Median Pay: $76,980

More Information: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Hydrologists

Hydrologists study how water moves across and through the Earth’s crust. They can use their expertise to solve problems in the areas of water quality or availability.

Entry-Level Education: Master’s degree

2012 Median Pay: $75,530

More Information: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Historians

Historians research, analyze, interpret, and present the past by studying a variety of historical documents and sources.

Entry-Level Education: Master’s degree

2012 Median Pay: $52,480

More Information: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Geoscientists

Geoscientists study the physical aspects of the Earth, such as its composition, structure, and processes, to learn about its past, present, and future.

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor’s degree

2012 Median Pay: $90,890

More Information: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Geographers

Geographers study the earth and its land, features, and inhabitants. They also examine phenomena such as political or cultural structures as they relate to geography. They study the physical and human geographic characteristics of a region, ranging in scale from local to global.

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor’s degree

2012 Median Pay: $74,760

More Information: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Forensic Science Technicians

Forensic science technicians help investigate crimes by collecting and analyzing physical evidence. Many technicians specialize in either crime scene investigation or laboratory analysis. Most forensic science technicians spend some time writing reports.

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor’s degree

2012 Median Pay: $52,840

More Information: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Epidemiologists

Epidemiologists are public health professionals who investigate patterns and causes of disease and injury in humans. They seek to reduce the risk and occurrence of negative health outcomes through research, community education, and health policy.

Entry-Level Education: Master’s degree

2012 Median Pay: $65,270

More Information: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Environmental Science and Protection Technicians

Environmental science and protection technicians do laboratory and field tests to monitor the environment and investigate sources of pollution, including those affecting public health. Many work under the supervision of environmental scientists and specialists, who direct the technicians’ work and evaluate their results.

Entry-Level Education: Associate’s degree

2012 Median Pay: $41,240

More Information: Bureau of Labor Statistics