Statisticians use statistical methods to collect and analyze data and help solve real-world problems in business, engineering, the sciences, or other fields.

Entry-Level Education: Master’s degree

2012 Median Pay: $75,560

Operations Research Analysts

Operations research analysts use advanced mathematical and analytical methods to help organizations investigate complex issues, identify and solve problems, and make better decisions.

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor’s degree

2012 Median Pay: $72, 100


Actuaries analyze the financial costs of risk and uncertainty. They use mathematics, statistics, and financial theory to assess the risk that an event will occur and they help businesses and clients develop policies that minimize the cost of that risk. Actuaries’ work is essential to the insurance industry.

Entry-Level Education: Bachelor’s degree

2012 Median Pay: $93,680

More information: Bureau of Labor Statistics